Three major Indian states—Kerala, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal—are currently holding assembly elections for state government formation. How do these three compare in terms of their economic progress and what does their future hold?

Tamil Nadu at present has the highest per capita real income, calculated as real net state domestic product (NSDP) divided by population, although it was lagging behind Kerala at the start of the last decade. An average person in West Bengal is roughly at the halfway mark in terms of economic prosperity compared to the two southern neighbours, although it was almost at par with them in the early 1990s.

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